Meta-level 'Internetworking Architecture'

The Internet as we now know it embodies a key underlying technical idea, namely that of open architecture networking.

In this approach, the choice of any individual network technology was not dictated by a particular network architecture but rather could be selected freely by a provider and made to interwork with the other networks through a meta-level 'Internetworking Architecture'.

What is important to note about the architecture of the Internet is that the applications are far removed from the underlying transmission media.

The IP separates the lower levels from the upper levels. In effect, the Internet layer is agnostic as to what means is used to transport Internet packets and is also agnostic as to what is carried in the payload of each Internet packet.

A consequence of this agnosticism is that the Internet is capable of carrying virtually any digital content, including sound, voice, video, images, text, and so on.

The implication is that services such as radio, television, and print publications can be transported through the Internet, assuming appropriate end-to-end transmission capacity.

  • Vinton G. Cerf On the Evolution of Internet Technologies
  • PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE, VOL. 92, NO. 9, September 2004
A principle reason for developing such networks has been to facilitate the sharing of computer resources.

A packet communication network includes a transportation mechanism for delivering data between computers or between computers and terminals.

  • Vinton G. Cerf and Robert E. Kahn A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication
  • PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE, VOL. 22, NO. 5, May 1974
This Memorandum briefly reviews the distributed communications network concept and compares it to the hierarchical or more centralized systems.

The payoff in terms of survivability for a distributed configuration in the cases of enemy attacks directed against nodes, links, or combinations of nodes and links is demonstrated.

The requirements for a future all-digital-data distributed network which provides common user service for a wide range of users having different requirements is considered.

The use of a standard format message block permits building relatively simple switching mechanisms using an adaptive store-and-forward routing policy to handle all forms of digital data including "real-time" voice".

  • Paul Baran On distributed communications
  • Memorandum RM-3420-PR August 1964

Big bang, mappe del futuro

  • Paul Baran On distributed communication
  • Memorandum RM 3420 PR, August 1964
  • Mappa Intelsat V - Anni '80
  • Ubiquitous internet - Mappa 2002
  • Macchine logiche - Euristica protocollare, Request for Comments, IETF

    Al prossimo meeting, Jon
    Mag_2007 Jon loved the outdoors fonti per una definizione della I.Soc. []
    2006-2007 Produrre anime e' ben piu' difficile che produrre corpi conversazione A.R.Meo-gg
    Nov_2005 The internet is for everyone interview Allocchio-gg [] Vint Cerf

    Macchine logiche - TCP~IP Transmission Control Protocol, Internet Protocol

    Internet Protocol Suite
    Blasco - Sommani
    Apr_2008 IPv6 : e' ora di svegliarsi ! Sommani
    Mag_2006 Le origini del TCP-IP Cap 1 Guida al DNS Randazzo
    Mag_2006 Il modello di riferimento Dod/DARPA Cap 2 Guida al DNS Randazzo
    Ott_2004 Primi passi dell' Internet in Italia Sommani
    Set_2003 Un Miracolo Trumpy
    Mar_1992 Informazioni generali sulle reti IP Italiane Blasco Bonito
    Ott_1990 Da DARPA all' Internet Protocol Sommani

    Macchine logiche - DNS Domain Name System

    Domain Name System
    Randazzo - Vannozzi
    Ott_2006 Progetti per l' internet in Italia, commemorazione di Franco Denoth E. Gregori
    Mag_2006 La semantica della Rete Premessa Guida al DNS AA.VV.
    Gen_2005 Memorie, riflessioni personali intervista Vannozzi
    Feb_2000 Domain Name System Martinelli Ianigro Vannozzi IAT
    Mag_1999 Domain Name System Vannozzi IAT

    Macchine fisiche

    L' Uomo e la Macchina
    Giu_2007 L' Uomo e la Macchina Il personal computer Attardi - Kay
    Ott_2006 Id est verum quia faciendum, commemorazione di Franco Denoth G. Capriz
    Ago_2006 Giovanni Battista Gerace Un rigore scomodo []
    Feb_2006 La Calcolatrice Elettronica Pisana - Generazione e sviluppi []
    Set_2004 Evoluzione Tecnologica di Internet Vinton Cerf

    Topologie strutturali d' interconnessione - Root Server

    Root Server, Anycast
    Valeria Rossi
    Feb_2006 Replica di f-root server TOP-IX
    Ago_2004 Replica di k-root server MIX
    Dic_2003 Replica di i-root server MIX
    Lug_2003 Replica di f-root server NaMeX

    Topologie strutturali d' interconnessione - Neutral Access Point

    NAP, Internet eXchange
    Marino - Rossi
    Alcune osservazioni sugli Internet Exchanges (IXs)
    Joy Marino
    Newsletter 2008_02 source copy
    Peering Forum Italiano
    Newsletter 2008_01 source copy
    Tuscany Internet eXchange
    TOrino PIemonte Internet eXchange
    NAutilus MEditerranean eXchange point
    Milan Internet eXchange

    Interconnessioni di ricerca, sviluppo, applicazioni, servizi

    Fonti ricerche storia
    1987 country code Top Level Domain "IT" delegazione intro NIC.IT
    1988 Gruppo di Ampliamento delle Reti della Ricerca GARR
    1999 Internet Society delegazione ISOC.IT

    Produzione di merci a mezzo di merci, business di rete

    Socioeconomia della rete
    Mar_2008 A prova di futuro J. Marino
    Lug_2007 Simple switching []
    Apr_2006 La strategia del ragno Enzo Valente
    . Directory correlata .
    Dic_2001 Dangerous visions, next generation, a prova di futuro []

    Le Regole del Gioco

    Aspetti giuridici di internet
    Mag_2012 Dichiarazione a supporto della candidatura di Stefano Quintarelli a commissario AGCOM []
    Mag_2012 La "Autorità nazionale per le garanzie nelle comunicazioni" []
    Mag_2008 Carta dei Diritti ? Un metodo per il dibattito : RfC 3271 []
    Gen_2008 Societa' Stato Tecnica, neutralita' fonti []
    Feb_2007 Ancora una volta dopo l' ultima []
    Ott_2006 Sulla Governance Mondiale di Internet GRIN Nardelli
    Ott_2006 Ruolo metaprovider di Stato ? []
    Lug_2005 La politica nella rete "Una costituzione per internet" Rodota'
    Gen_2005 Enti Conduttori ... e dintorni intervista Enzo Fogliani
    Dic_2003 dBASE di amori, odii, solitudini [ndr cnstrctn] []
    . Directory correlata .
    Dic_2001 Geopolitica della interconnessione di reti []

    Fonti e ricerche per una storia dell' internetworking in Italia

    Fonti e ricerche
  • [a cura di]
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  • Sommario
  • [a cura di]
  • [whois output for: - Created: 2001-10-17 00:00:00]
  • L' Uomo e la Macchina
  • [a cura di]
  • [whois output for: - Created: 2001-10-17 00:00:00]
  • La prima Calcolatrice Elettronica Italiana - CEP - Generazione e Sviluppi
  • [a cura di]
  • [whois output for: - Created: 2001-10-17 00:00:00]
  • Internetworking